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最新經濟生活詞匯大全(一)

放大字體  縮小字體 發布日期:2009-08-05  瀏覽次數:1677
核心提示:A. AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch 艾滋。ǐ@得性免疫缺損綜合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) 愛麗舍宮 Elyse Palace 安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families 按成本要素計算的國民經濟總值 GNP at factor cost 按揭貸款 mortgage lo

    A.

    AA制 Dutch treatment; go Dutch

    艾滋。ǐ@得性免疫缺損綜合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

    愛麗舍宮 Elysée Palace

    安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families

    按成本要素計算的國民經濟總值 GNP at factor cost

    按揭貸款 mortgage loan

    按勞分配 distribution according to one's performance

    暗戀 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

    暗虧 hidden loss

    澳門大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul

    奧姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult

    B.

    巴黎證券交易所 Paris Bourse

    把握大局 grasp the overall situation

    白馬王子 Prince Charming

    白色行情表 white sheet

    白色農業 white agriculture (also called "white engineering agriculture"; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

    白手起家 starting from scratch

    白條 IOU note, IOU:債款、債務,由I owe you 的讀音縮略轉義而來白雪公主 Snow White

    擺架子 put on airs

    擺譜兒 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

    拜把兄弟 sworn brothers

    拜年 pay New Year call

    搬遷戶 relocated families

    半拉子工程 uncompleted project

    棒球運動記者 scribe

    傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags

    包干到戶 work contracted to households

    包干制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

    包工包料 contract for labor and materials

    保持國民經濟發展的良好勢頭 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy

    保持國有股 keep the State-held shares

    保健食品 health-care food

    保理業務 factoring business

    保護性關稅 protective tariffs

    保稅區 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area

    保證重點支出 ensure funding for priority areas

    保值儲蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

    報國計劃的實施 implementation of Dedicator's Project

    北歐投資銀行 Nordic Investment Bank

    本本主義 bookishness

    《本草綱目》 Compendium of Materia Medica

    本壘打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

    本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

    奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

    笨鳥先飛 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

    蹦極 bungee, bungee jumping

    避免"大而全"的重復建設 avoid duplicate (duplicated, overlapping) construction of "small and all inclusive projects"

    逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives

    比較經濟學 comparative economics

    比上不足,比下有余 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

    閉門羹 given cold-shoulder

    邊際報酬 marginal return

    邊緣科學 boundary science

    變相漲價 disguised inflation

    便攜式電腦 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer

    標書 bidding documents

    表演賽 demonstration match

    剝奪冠軍 strip the gold medal of somebody

    博彩(業)lottery industry

    博士生 Ph.D candidate

    補缺選舉 by-election

    補貼與反補貼措施 subsidies and countervailing measures

    布達拉宮 Potala Palace

    布雷頓森林體系 Bretton Woods system

    不敗記錄 clean record, spotless record

    不承諾放棄使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force

    不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

    不到長城非好漢 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

    不分上下的總統選舉結果the neck-and-neck presidential election result

    《不見不散》 Be there or be square.

    不可再生資源 non-renewable resources

    不良貸款 non-performing loan

    不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

    不正之風 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

    不準打白條 No illegitimate promissory notes (IOUs)

    步行天橋 foot bridge

    C.

    擦邊球 edge ball, touch ball

    擦網球 net ball

    采取高姿態 show magnanimity

    采取市場多元化戰略 adopt the strategy of a multi-outlet market

    "菜籃子"工程 the "shopping basket' project (program)

    參政、議政 participate in the management of State affairs

    滄海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas--time brings great changes to the world.

    What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields--the world is changing all the time.

    倉儲式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

    草根工業 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)

    層層轉包和違法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

    差額投票 differential voting

    差額選舉 competitive election

    茶道 sado

    查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

    拆東墻補西墻 rob Peter to pay Paul

    拆遷戶 households or units relocated due to building demolition

    攙水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

    禪 dhyana

    產糧大省 granary province

    產量比1997年增加了2倍 the output has increased 3 times (registered a 3-fold increase; increased 200%)compared with 1997

    產品結構 product mix

    產權明晰、權責明確、政企分開、科學管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

    產權制度、產權關系 property relations; property order

    產銷直接掛鉤 directly link production with marketing

    產業的升級換代 upgrading of industies

    產業結構升級 upgrading of an industrial structure

    長二捆 LM-2E

    長江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

    長期共存、互相監督、肝膽相照、榮辱與共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

    長線產品 product in excessive supply

    廠長經理負責制 the factory director (manager) responsibility system

    暢通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"

    暢銷產品 marketable products; products with good market ;commodities in short supply ; goods in great demand.

    唱高調 mouth high-sounding words

    超高速巨型計算機 giant ultra-high-speed computer

    超前消費 overconsuming, excessive consumption

    徹頭徹尾的反動政治勢力an out and out reactionary political force

    城市規劃 city's landscaping plan; urban planning

    城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年專業人士,附庸風雅,矯揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比銀行存款bankification等擺闊作風,由middle-aged urban yuppie縮合而成)

    城鄉信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

    吃大鍋飯 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"

    吃皇糧 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government

    重復建設 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects

    抽殺成功 hit through

    籌備委員會 preparatory committee

    出風頭 show off;in the limelight

    出口創匯能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

    出口加工區 export processing zones

    出口退稅制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

    出口退稅 refunding export taxes

    出口轉內銷 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

    出家 pravrajana; cloister

    傳銷 multi level marketing

    窗口行業 various service trades

    創建衛生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

    創匯產品 foreign exchange (hard-currency) earning experts

    創業園 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

    吹風會 (advanced) briefing

    春蕾計劃 Spring Buds Program

    春運 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

    《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals

    磁懸浮列車 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train

    刺激內需 stimulate domestic demand

    辭舊迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

    此地無銀三百兩 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

    從粗放經濟轉變為集約經濟 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

    粗放式管理 extensive management

    促進全球經濟一體化 foster integration with the global economy

    促進富余人員合理流動 promote a rational flow of surplus personnel

    促進住房商品化 promote the commercialization of housing 存款保證金 guaranty money for deposits

    D.

    達到或接近國際先進水平 reach or approach advanced international standards

    打破地區封鎖和行業壟斷 break regional blockades and trade monopolies

    "達標"活動 "target hitting" activities

    打白條 issue IOU

    打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

    打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

    打破僵局 break the deadlock

    打順手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove

    大包干 all-round responsibility system; lump-sum appropriations operation

    大轟動 blockbuster

    大力扣殺 hammer

    大路貨 staple goods

    大滿貫 grand slam

    大開眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

    大款 tycoon

    大排擋 sidewalk snack booth; large stall

    大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

    大勝 white wash

    大腕 top notch

    大衛教 Branch Davidian

    大型電視系列片,長篇電視連續劇 maxi-series

    大學生創業 university students' innovative undertaking

    大要案 major and serious criminal cases

    大專生 junior college student

    大專文憑 associate degree

    大藏經 Tripitaka

    呆帳與壞帳 stagnant debts and bad debts ;non performing funds

    帶薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits

    待崗 await job assignment, post-waiting

    待業 job-waiting

    代職 function in an acting capacity

    單循環制 single round-robin system

    當日指數已1120點收盤 the index closed finished ended at 120 on that day

    黨群關系 Party-masses relationship

    黨政機關 Party and government organizations

    道瓊斯工業平均指數飆升至9580點 the Dow Jones industrial index average soared to 9580 points

    搗漿糊 give the runaround

    盜版VCD pirated VCD

    盜打(電話) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means

    盜用公款 embezzlement

    單刀赴會 start a solo run

    倒票 speculative reselling of tickets

    倒爺 profiteer

    倒計時 countdown

    等外品 off-grade goods, rejects

    鄧小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts

    低調 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

    第三產業 third/tertiary industry, service sector, third sequence of enterprises

    第四產業 quaternary/information industry

    第一/第二/第三產業 the primary/secondary/tertiary industry (the service sector)

    第三代移動電話(3G手機) third generation mobile; 3G mobile

    第一發球權 first inning

    第一發球員 first server

    第一雙打 first pair

    地方保護主義 regional protectionism

    地方財政包干制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

    地球村 global village

    地區差異 regional disparity

    地熱資源 geothermal resources

    地市級城市 prefecture-level city

    點子公司 consultancy company

    電話號碼升位 upgrade telephone number

    電話會議 teleconference

    電視直銷 TV home shopping

    電子商務認證 e-business certification

    吊球 drop shot

    吊銷執照 revoke license

    釘子戶 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project

    定向培訓 training for specific posts

    "豆腐渣"工程 a jerry-built project

    毒梟 drug trafficker

    毒品走私 drug trafficking

    (state-owned, state) enterprises

    獨立核算工業企業 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

    "渡假外交" holiday-making diplomacy

    短期債務 floating debt

    斷交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)

    對大中型國營企業進行公司制改革 to corporatize large and medium-sized State-owned

    對…毫無顧忌 make no bones about …

    對沖基金 hedge fund

    對外招商 attract foreign investment

    隊長袖標(足球) skipper's armband

    多黨合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power

    多任務小衛星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

    奪冠 take the crown

    E.

    厄爾尼諾 El Nino

    惡性腫瘤 malignant tumor

    惡性循環 vicious circle

    遏制通貨膨脹 curb (check, curtail) the inflation

    F.

    發行股票、債券 issue shares and bonds

    發揚優良傳統 carry forward the fine traditions

    發優惠券以促銷 issue discount shopping coupons to promote sales

    發展文學藝術、新聞出版、廣播影視 develop literature, the arts, the press, publications, radio, film and television; promote literature and art, the press and publishing, radio, film and television

    發展新興產業和高技術產業 develop rising and high-tech industries

    發展畜牧業、養殖業、林業 develop animal husbandry (livestock farming), aquaculture and forestry

    反對鋪張浪費 oppose/combat extravagance and waste

    反傾銷 anti-dumping

    防暴警察 riot police

    防止經濟過熱 prevent an overheated economy (overheating of the economy)

    防止國有資產流失 prevent the loss (devaluation) of State assets

    防止泡沫經濟 avoid a bubble economy too many bubbles in economy)

    分流下崗人員爭取再就業 redirect laid-off workers for reemployment

    扶貧、脫貧 poverty reduction and elimination

    婦幼保健 maternity and child care

    G.

    改革開放和現代化建設的總設計師 the chief architect of China's reform, opening and modernization drive

    改進產業結構和產品結構 improve the industrial pattern and product mix

    該公司股票已經上市 the stock of the company have been listed (have gone public, have been launched)

    趕上或超過國際先進水平 catch up with or even surpass advanced world levels

    高舉鄧小平理論的偉大旗幟 hold high the greater banner of Deng xiaoping Theory

    各族人民 people of all nationalities (all ethnic groups)

    個體戶 self-employed households /people

    個人所得稅 individual income tax

    個體工商業者 individual industrialists and businessman

    公務員 public servants; civil servants; government functionaries; government employees

    股份合作制 the joint stock cooperative system

    股份制 the joint stock system

    股票熱降溫了 the stock craze has abated

    股市指數 the stock market (exchange) index

    股市指數突破1300點大關 the stock index broke the 1300-poit mark

    股指暴跌,跌幅7.8%,以14.3元探底 the index slumped 7.8 percent to 14.3 Yuan

    鼓勵兼并,規范破產 encourage mergers and standardize bankruptcy procedures

    規模經濟,減輕就業壓力 to ease the pressure of employment (the employment pressure)

    國防科技 defence-related science and technology

    國際大都市 cosmopolis

    國家指定考試 government-mandated test

    國家主席/總理/副總理/國務委員/部長/省長/廳、局長/縣長/處長/科長/鄉長/村民委員會主任 president/premier/vice premier/state councilor/minister/governor/bureau director/county magistrate, county head/department head/ section chief/ head of the township/ chairman of the village committee

    國家公務員制度 the system of public services

    國內生產總值/國民生產總值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)/ GNP (Gross National Product)

    國事訪問 a state visit

    恒生指數(香港)寬幅震蕩 the Heng Sheng index fluctuated violently

    獲薄利 earn (make) narrow profits

    獲厚利 earn (make, reap) substantial profits

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