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BBC英語教學---你問我答「Some, Any的區別」

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核心提示:歡迎收BBC英語教學網的你問我答節目,本期我們要學習的內容是some和any之間的區別及用法示例。











About this script關于臺詞的備注:
Please note that this is not a word for word transcript of the programme as broadcast. In the recording and editing process changes may have been made which may not be reflected here.
請注意這不是廣播節目的逐字稿件。本文稿可能沒有體現錄制、編輯過程中對節目做出的改變。

Rob: 大家好,I'm Rob.

Feifei: 大家好,我是馮菲菲。

Rob: So Feifei, do we have any questions we can answer?

Feifei: Of course we've got some.

Rob: Some or lots?

Feifei: Lots and I've picked a question about two words we've already said, some and any. 今天的問題是關于英文里的兩個常見詞some and any.

Rob: Well, let's read it then.

Insert
Dear Rob and Feifei, I'm a fan of BBC UK China. I love to listen to your programmes. They make learning English fun and interesting for me. Could you please help me clarify when do I use the word 'some' or 'any' in questions asking for things? What is the implication and is there a degree of politeness?

For example:
Do you have any bread?
Do you have some bread?
Have you got any coffee?
Have you got some coffee?
Thank you very much. Best regards, Yizhen

Feifei: 首先感謝 Yizhen 給我們發來的問題。她想請我們講一下單詞some 和any 的區別clarification. Have you got any ideas Rob?

Rob: Well, I've got some. Both words imply a similar meaning and you can get away with using either but there are subtle differences that can add certain meaning to your question.

Feifei: 雖然 some 和any 的意思差不多,不過還是有一些區別的。So where we can we hear these subtle differences?

Rob: At the Qanda bakery!

Feifei: 你問我答蛋糕店?

Rob: Step inside Feifei. So what would you like?

Feifei: Some bread… some rolls… and some delicious cream cakes. 我特別愛吃奶油蛋糕。

Rob: So you used the word some to mean a few but not a specific amount.

Feifei: That's right. Some 常指的是幾個東西,而不是一個具體的數字。

Rob: So let's ask the shopkeeper for those cream cakes you wanted.

Feifei: OK. Excuse me, I'd like some cream cakes please.

Man: Certainly, how many?

Feifei: Three please.

Rob: Good. You were being decisive and you used an affirmative clause. It also sounded like you were expecting that there would be cakes to buy. So basically, if you're expecting a positive reply you use the word some.

Feifei: Well, I do hope he's got some! 通常在肯定句里使用單詞some. 如果some 用在一個疑問句里,那么你所期待的答案是yes.

Man: Err, sorry to interrupt. I've just checked and we haven't got any cream cakes left. I thought we had some but we must have sold them all.

Feifei: Oh dear, no cream cakes. 他說一塊奶油蛋糕都沒有了,他用了any 表示一塊都不剩了。

Rob: Yes, any is a common word in negative statements, like these:

Insert
There isn't any petrol left in the car.
There's hardly any time to buy a ticket and catch the train.
There isn't any point in arguing, you know I'm right.

Feifei: 以上是在否定句里使用單詞any. But what about using any in a question?

Rob: Well, any is a common and more natural word to use when requesting an amount of something, however large or small. Why not ask for some bread and try it out.

Feifei: OK. Excuse me again. Have you got any sliced brown bread please?

Man: I'm sure we have. I'll go and get some.

Rob: Good. Using any sounds better than saying "have you got some sliced brown bread?"

Feifei: 通常我們在疑問句里使用any.

Rob: Let's hear some other examples.

Insert
Have you any tickets left for the film tonight?
Do have any low fat milk left?
Are there any people available to talk about my mortgage?

Rob: You can also stress the word any to imply that your question is likely to have a negative answer.

Insert
I don't suppose you have any seats left on tomorrow's flight to London do you?

Feifei: 上面的這個例子用單詞any 來暗示答案可能是否定的。

Man: Excuse me again. Here's some white sliced bread but we haven't got any brown bread left.

Feifei: Oh dear, I don't think much of the Qanda bakery! I'll leave it thanks. Let's go Rob.

Rob: Well, we didn't get any bread or cakes but hopefully we've learnt about using any and some in a question. Are there any more questions?

Feifei: Yes. Where can we buy some cream cakes?!

Rob: I don't know but hopefully we've helped Yizhen with her question.

Feifei: 請發郵件告訴我們你在英語學習中遇到的難題,郵箱地址是questions.chinaelt@bbc.co.uk

Rob: Yes, please send us your questions. Join us again soon for another Question and Answer of the Week. Now Feifei let's go hunting for some cakes.

Both: Bye!

更多翻譯詳細信息請點擊:http://www.trans1.cn
編輯:foodtrans

 
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