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地域飲食文化之「早餐breakfast」

放大字體  縮小字體 發布日期:2011-09-23  瀏覽次數:1294
核心提示:It is widely accepted that breakfast is the most important meal in the day. 早餐breakfast由break和fast兩個詞組成。這里的fast不是形容詞“快”的意思,而是名詞,意為“齋戒、禁食”,形容漫漫長夜都沒有東西吃。而早上的第一餐breakfast,也有break the fast,解禁,可以吃東西的意思,this fast is broken by the first meal of the day referred


Mainland China
北方:
畫卷 huājuǎn、饅頭mántou (steamed breads)、燒餅shāobǐng (unleavened pocket-bread with sesame)、包子bāozi (steamed buns with meat or vegetable stuffing)、豆漿(soy milk)。

南方:
糍飯團ci fan tuan、油豆腐粉絲yóu doù fu fěnsī (a soup made by fried tofu and cellophane noodles)、咸鴨蛋、咸菜、松花蛋配白粥plain rice porridge served with numerous side dishes such as salted duck eggs, pickled vegetables, and century eggs、甜漿或鮮漿配燒餅油條sweetened or savoury soy milk served with shāobǐng or yóutiáo、腸粉rice noodle rolls、炒面fried noodles、發糕fagao (rice cakes)、煎餅(thin crispy omelets with fillings folded in)、蘿卜糕lúobogāo (turnip cakes)、粽子zòngzi (another kind of rice cake wrapped in bamboo leaves)。

Taiwan
In Taiwan, breakfasts tend to be a mix of Northern and Eastern Chinese dishes and the traditional south-eastern Chinese fare. This is more pronounced in cities with high proportions of people of mainland Han Chinese descent, such as Taipei.
由于歷史的因素,臺灣的早餐沒有鮮明的本地特征,而是中國各地的混合體。

Hong Kong
In a Hong Kong cha chaan teng breakfasts might consist of Hong Kong-style milk tea, coffee, ham, and fried eggs, and a bowl of macaroni soup with ham. In upmarket restaurants or hotels, however, standard English and Continental breakfasts are served。
港式茶餐廳的早餐包含有港式奶茶、咖啡、火腿、煎蛋、火腿通粉。而高檔的飯店或者酒店里還會提供標準的英式和歐式早餐。

英式早餐
英國人喜歡a substantial hot meal for breakfast,英國酒店餐廳的Full English Breakfast英式早餐全餐,比其他國家的正餐還要豐富,絕非只有牛角包配果醬咖啡的歐式早餐Continental Breakfast可比。這份早餐俗稱the fry-up,因為里面多是煎炸的食物:香腸sausage,腌肉bacon,蘑菇mushroom,番茄tomato。除此之外,還有土司toast,英式烤餅scone,茄汁焗豆baked beans等傳統食物。

吃英式早餐,雞蛋是不能少的。雞蛋通常有fried,scrambled,boiled和poached四種烹調方法。

Fried是煎,英國人煎蛋,通常只煎一面,蛋黃生生的,俗稱“太陽蛋”,也就是美國人口中的sunny side up;Scrambled是炒;Boiled是把雞蛋連殼直接放進水里煮,熟透的叫做hard-boiled,半熟的叫做soft-boiled;Poached是把蛋去殼后用溫水煮,煮出來的蛋內生外熟,形狀不一。

去飯店要雞蛋的時候,服務員問你蛋要怎么煮,你就可以說:I'll have them scrambled, please,也可以直接說Scrambled, please。

英式早餐全餐雖然豐富好吃,但它not usually served at breakfast time during the week。許多人選擇reserve the full cooked breakfast for weekends,或者干脆去café 和pub享用。飯店也是個不錯的選擇,因為那里的早餐quite substantial in size and variety。

相關閱讀:以小見大---東西方の飲食文化差異
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