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英國的典型特色飲食

放大字體  縮小字體 發布日期:2011-07-23  瀏覽次數:24733
核心提示:英國的飲食烹飪,有家庭美肴之稱。英式菜肴的特點是:油少、清淡,調味時較少用酒,調味品大都放在餐臺上由客人自己選用。烹調講究鮮嫩,口味清淡 ,選料注重海鮮及各式蔬菜,菜量要求少而精。英式菜肴的烹調方法多以蒸、煮、燒、熏見長。從皇家珍饈美味到百姓家常菜點都細膩精致,頗有貴族風格。


The most common and typical foods eaten in Britain include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the Cornish pasty, trifle and roasts dinners. Some of our main dishes have strange names like Bubble & Squeak and Toad-in-the-Hole.


英國典型的全套早餐

1. Roast beef and Yorkshire pudding  烤牛肉配約克郡布。ū环Q作英國的國菜)
Yorkshire Pudding is not a dessert in spite of its name, although it is similar in some ways to a pancake made with flour, milk and eggs. It is usually eaten with roast beef and gravy as part of a traditional Sunday lunch.
雖然名字叫約克郡布丁,而且感覺上像是是用面粉、牛奶、雞蛋做出來的煎餅,但它其實不是一道甜點。這道菜通常都和烤牛肉、調味肉汁一起,作為一道傳統的周日午餐。

約克省布丁是略帶咸味的英國傳統布丁,沒有任何餡,烤好后外面是脆的,里面有一點軟,像糖糕。
蘸汁,是牛肉和約克省布丁的好搭檔。

2. Fish and chips  炸魚薯條(被稱作英國的國食)
源于歐洲英倫島裹上美味的漿粉再炸制的方法,食用時配上香脆的薯條和各種時令蔬菜沙拉。幾百年前的漁人為了保持從深海中捕撈上來的野生魚的肉質新鮮度,發明了這種做法。

3. Shepherd's pie  肉餡土豆餡餅
Shepherd's Pie, also known as cottage pie, is a traditional English dish comprising minced (ground) meat covered with mashed potato. The meat is typically lamb or beef left over from a Sunday roast. The term "shepherd's pie" tends to be used when the meat is lamb.
肉餡土豆餡餅是一道傳統英國菜肴,也叫農家餡餅。主要材料是肉丁和土豆泥。通常會使用周日烤肉剩下的羊牛肉。當肉是羊肉時,通常叫做“sheperd’s pie”(注:sheperd是牧羊人的意思)

4. Jellied eels  鱔魚凍


Jellied eelsare eels cooked for approximately half an hour and allowed to cool. The juices then solidify forming the jelly. The dish is an East End of London delicacy, often sold with pie and mash. They are no longer commonly eaten in London, but can still be found, especially around the East End.
鱔魚凍是煮了大概半個小時的鱔魚,攤涼,湯就會凝固起來變成凍。這道菜是東倫敦的地道小吃,通常和餡餅、土豆泥一起出手,F在的倫敦人不太經常吃它,但還是能找到的,尤其是東倫敦。

5. Trifle  水果松糕


Trifle is a dish made from thick custard, fruit, sponge cake, fruit juice, and whipped cream. These ingredients are usually arranged in layers with fruit and sponge on the bottom, and custard and cream on top. Some trifles contain a small amount of alcohol such as port or, most commonly, sweet sherry.
水果松糕是由蛋奶沙司、水果、海綿蛋糕、果汁和攪打過的奶油特制而成。水果和海綿蛋糕放在下層,蛋奶沙司和奶油放在上層。有些水果松糕含有一點點酒精,比如波提葡萄酒,最常見的是加一點甜雪利酒。

6. Marmite  馬麥醬(涂在面包上)
Marmite is made from yeast extract, a by-product of beer brewing, and is a sticky, dark brown paste with a distinctive, powerful flavour. The taste of Marmite is comparable in some ways to soy sauce. This distinctive taste is reflected in the British company's marketing slogan: "Love it or hate it."
馬麥醬是用酵母提取物制成。酵母提取物是啤酒發酵的副產品,性狀粘稠,顏色較深,味道濃郁易辨認。馬麥醬的味道和醬油有點相似。賣馬麥醬的公司營銷口號就是:“馬麥醬,讓你愛恨分明。”

7. Steak and kidney pie  牛排腰子餅


8. Mushy peas  豌豆糊
Mushy peas are dried peas which are first soaked overnight in water, and then simmered with a little sugar and salt until they form a thick green lumpy soup. They are a very traditional northern English accompaniment to fish and chips.
要做豌豆糊,必須先把豌豆置于水中一晚,次日晾干,后與鹽、糖少量燉至綠色濃湯。這是英國北部常與魚、薯條搭配食用的傳統菜肴。

9. Black pudding  血腸


Black pudding is a sausage made by cooking pig's or cow's blood. It is usually served as part of a traditional full breakfast in England.
血腸是用豬血或牛血灌制而成的,是一種傳統英國早餐。

10. Toad in the hole  布丁香腸


Toad in the hole is a traditional British dish comprising sausages in Yorkshire pudding batter, usually served with vegetables and gravy. The origin of the name 'Toad-in-the-Hole' is vague. Most suggestions are that the dish's resemblance to a toad sticking its little head out of a hole provide the dish with its somewhat unusual name.
布丁香腸是一道傳統英國食物。主要材料有香腸和做約克郡布丁用的面糊,通常和蔬菜、肉汁一起食用。這個名字的來源并不清楚,流傳最廣的說法是這道菜像是一只蟾蜍稍微從洞中探頭出來,于是才有了這個如此特別的名字。(小編注:這道菜名直譯為洞中蟾)

11. Bangers and mash  肉泥與土豆泥
Bangers and mash is a British colloquial name for sausage (bangers) served with mashed potatoes. The dish is usually served with a rich onion gravy.
肉泥和土豆泥是通俗的說法,其實就是香腸和土豆泥一起吃。這道菜通常都和濃郁的洋蔥肉汁一起食用。

12. Lancashire hotpot  蘭開夏火鍋
Lancashire hotpot is a dish consisting essentially of meat, onion and potatoes left to bake in the oven all day in a heavy pot and on a low heat.


和中國的火鍋不一樣,這道菜里面主要是羊肉和洋蔥,上面鋪了一層土豆片,然后放在大鍋里一起煮,因為煮得久, 所以羊肉吃起來的口感既軟又多汁。

13. Cornish pasty  康爾瓦郡菜肉烘餅
A Cornish pasty is a baked savoury pastry case traditionally filled with diced meat, sliced potato and onion. Traditionally, pasties have a semicircular shape.
康瓦爾郡菜肉餡餅很可口,通常它是一塊烤成半圓的餡餅,里面會有肉丁、土豆塊和洋蔥。

14. Pork pie 豬肉餡餅

15. Chutney 酸辣醬

16. Worcester sauce 伍斯特沙司
Worcester sauce is a flavouring used in many dishes, both cooked and uncooked, and particularly with beef. It is an important ingredient in a Bloody Mary (vodka, tomato juice and Worcester sauce).
英國許多菜肴都喜歡放伍斯特沙司,包括生的、熟的,他們尤其喜愛以其佐牛肉食用。伍斯特沙司也是血腥瑪麗的重要材料之一(伏特加,番茄汁和伍斯特沙司)。

17. Scones with jam 果醬烤餅
Scones are a British snack of Scottish origin, similar to a quickbread made of wheat, barley or oatmeal. British scones are often lightly sweetened, but may also be savoury. They are often eaten with jam and cream.
烤餅是從蘇格蘭流傳而來的英國小吃,與小麥、大麥或燕麥烤制的面包有幾分相像。英國烤餅通常有一點點甜,也有比較咸的?撅炌ǔ4钆渲u、奶油一起食用。

18. Kippers 腌魚
A kipper is a whole herring fish that has been split from tail to head, salted, and smoked. In the UK they are often eaten grilled for breakfast.
腌魚是整條鯡魚去頭去尾后以鹽腌制而后煙熏而成的。在英國,通常都是早上把腌魚烤一烤當早餐。

19.Cheddarcheese 車達奶酪


Cheddar cheese is a hard, pale yellow to orange, sharp-tasting cheese originally (and still) made in the English village of Cheddar, in Somerset. It is the most popular cheese in the United Kingdom, accounting for just over 50% of the country's annual cheese market.
車達奶酪很硬,從淡黃色到橙色都有,奶酪味很重,在英國桑莫塞郡車達村產出。在英聯邦,車達奶酪是最受歡迎的,占有全國奶酪市場50%的份額。

20. Bacon and eggs 培根煎雞蛋

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