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葡萄酒入門:灰比諾「Pinot Gris & Pinot Grigio」

放大字體  縮小字體 發布日期:2011-06-01  來源:華爾街日報  作者:食品翻譯中心  瀏覽次數:11454
核心提示:一提到灰比諾葡萄,大多人都會想到位于法德邊境的法國阿爾薩斯(Alsace)地區出產的用于釀制白葡萄酒的Pinot Gris。在意大利北部,同樣的這種葡萄被稱為Pinot Grigio。不同地區出品的灰比諾酒口感各有特色,以下是詳細情況。


What's the difference between Pinot Gris and Pinot Grigio? On a basic level, nothing: The same kind of grape is used to make both wines. But on the palate, there lies a world of difference.

Around the world: The Pinot Gris grape is mostly associated with white wine from Alsace, a French region that borders Germany. In northern Italy, the same grape is known as Pinot Grigio. But the varietal is also grown in cool-climate areas in Australia, New Zealand, Germany and the U.S. Pacific Northwest.

Sometimes big, sometimes light: Pinot Gris grapes ripen with plenty of sugar, which means that the wines tend to be either on the sweet side or, if the sugar is left to ferment for a drier wine, relatively high in alcohol. But the wines produced from this grape vary in taste, depending on the region in which they are grown. The wines from Alsace are rich, slightly oily on the mouth and full of flavor. The wines from Italy, where the grapes are harvested before they fully mature, are light-bodied and crisp.

Pinot Gris and Grigio wines from the New World tend to split between the two styles, and the way a maker labels a bottle can be a signal. For example, a wine labeled Pinot Gris from California will be more full-bodied than a wine called Pinot Grigio from New Zealand, which likely will be brighter and more acidic.

Follow the menu: Salads, mild fish and shellfish are great matches for the lighter Pinot Grigio, and like other crisp whites, it goes especially well with goat cheese. Oilier fish and roasted chicken are good pairs for the heavier-style Pinot Gris. Either way, serve slightly chilled.


參考譯文:
Pinot Gris葡萄和Pinot Grigio葡萄有什么區別嗎?基本上沒有:都是用來釀酒的灰比諾葡萄。但就釀成的葡萄酒的口感而言,兩者卻有天壤之別。

遍布全球:人們一提到灰比諾葡萄,大多都會想到位于法德邊境的法國阿爾薩斯(Alsace)地區出產的用于釀制白葡萄酒的Pinot Gris。在意大利北部,同樣的這種葡萄被稱為Pinot Grigio。這一品種還生長在澳大利亞、新西蘭、德國和美國西北部太平洋沿岸等比較涼爽的地區。

灰比諾葡萄在成熟之后含有大量糖分,這意味著由它釀制而成的葡萄酒口感香甜,在糖分發酵制作成干白葡萄酒之后,它的酒精含量會相對較高。但由于這種葡萄的產地不同,它們釀成的葡萄酒的口感也各不相同。阿爾薩斯地區的灰比諾葡萄酒口感醇厚,細膩油滑,酒香濃烈。而在意大利,灰比諾葡萄在完全成熟之前就收割了,因此意大利出產的灰比諾葡萄酒酒體清盈、口感清爽。

新世界葡萄酒產區生產的灰比諾酒通常分為兩種風格,從生產商在酒瓶上標注的方式可加以區別。比如,美國加州釀制的Pinot Gris會比新西蘭出產的Pinot Grigio酒體更加豐滿,色澤往往更加明亮而且酸度較低。

食物搭配:沙拉、清淡的魚類和貝類都是酒體輕盈的Pinot Grigio很棒的搭配,和其他口感清爽的白葡萄酒一樣,它和山羊乳酪的搭配尤其美味。比較油膩的魚類和烤雞則要搭配酒體豐滿的Pinot Gris。不論哪種灰比諾酒,略作冰鎮后飲用口感更佳。
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關鍵詞: 葡萄酒 灰比諾
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